types of census method

A Census and Categorization Method of Epitranscriptomic Marks Int J Mol Sci. Content Guidelines 2. The countries of the UK use a traditional approach with forms returned by post or online. This universe is a complete set of items which are of interest in any situation.. To give you an example, if you record the marks of all students of B.Com of the Mumbai University for analysis, it is a census investigation.

2. However, for conducting the entire enquiry, small group of investigators or specialist investigators are paid huge amount and employed but the output is much more. Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature.

This method can be used where the population is comprised of heterogeneous items, i.e. This sampling method considers every member of the population and forms samples based on …

While this can widen the range of content without asking everyone to complete a long form, it may complicate field operations and limit outputs for small geographic areas. Describes a traditional census, rolling census, and short forms. A rolling census takes the census in the traditional way, but to a rolling schedule, taking field counts in every municipality and neighbourhood over five years. 3. Types of probability sampling with examples: Probability sampling is a sampling technique in which researchers choose samples from a larger population using a method based on the theory of probability. This method is preferable for the following reasons: First, since only a part of the population is investigated under this method, it takes less time, less money and less labour. As the data are to be collected within a short period of one night, the census work may not be completed and the staff may fill up the gaps of their own based on guess.

There is saving in time also since sampling enquiry requires less fieldwork, tabulation and data processing than a full survey method.

In this method there would be higher degree of accuracy in data.

Every householder completes a short form – for the US 2010 Census it was just ten questions. Thirdly, the small sample data provide a good benchmark for the entire population. In the direct count method the individuals are seen and counted whereas in indirect count method evidences left by animals are recorded to estimate the population. In other words, here each and every item or unit constituting the ‘entire population’ or ‘the universe’ is selected for statistical enquiry. Data collection through census method gives opportunity to the investigator to have an intensive study about a problem study about a problem. TOS4.

Whenever the entire population is studied to collect the detailed data about every unit, then the census method is applied. Many years from now, it could also limit the information available to family historians. It requires a lot of people to involve in data collection. Besides the normal and institutional households, the houseless population that usually resides/sleeps during the night like beggars, lepers, vagrants, hawkers, vendors, migrants from other places in search of jobs, people sleeping in the open on roadside, pavements, railway platforms, bus stations, parks, under staircases or bridges or flyovers, places of worship, in hume pipes, hospitals, etc., was also to be enumerated. Share Your PDF File

A census and a sample survey have many features in common, such as the use of a questionnaire to collect information, the need to process and edit the data, and the susceptibility to various sources of error. The short form is used for the population count and to collect basic information such as usual address, sex, age and relationships to other household members. Defacto Population Census: This is the type of population census which involves the counting of only those who are present physically during census. If you encounter a problem downloading a file, please try again from a laptop or desktop. 4.

The census method is most commonly used by the government in connection with the national population, housing census, agriculture census, etc.

Under this method, the Census Commission fixes one date for conducting the census throughout the country.

In the Indian census, which is conducted once in every ten years, this technique is invariably followed. This method cannot be met with urgency. It is difficult to study the whole universe because financially aid requires for it to complete the study. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge
Where there is enough availability of finance. De Jure Method of Census. Secondly, accuracy in the results is obtained. Though the census method provides a complete data of the population under study, it is very costly and time-consuming. For example, the preparation of the voter’s list for election purposes, income tax assessment, recruitment of personnel, etc.

This method is possible only in few cases of data collection. This is called real method because the enumerators are given sufficient time to collect information from the households by making frequent visits to them.

Secondly, conclusions and results obtained from this method are more accurate and reliable as fewer or chosen sample units are surveyed. Sample survey method can be conducted when the investigators face the problem of budget constraint. 2. A sample is anything less than a full survey of a population.

Let us make an in-depth study of the two methods for collecting statistical data. A universe may be a place, a group of people or a specific locality through which we collect the data. Even persons present at other places within the country are enumerated. Share Your PPT File, Graphical Re­presentation of Statistical Data, Business: Meaning, Definitions, Characteristics, Objectives, Scope and Growth Strategies. 1. This means that if an urgent statistical information for the entire population for policy purposes is needed, this method will surely be less helpful.

Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! It is not time consuming because the entire enumeration work is done within one night. For example, in the population census, we obtain quite a large number of key information, such as birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, literacy rate, ratio of urban-rural population, trend on urbanisation and so on.

Thirdly, in the census method, often large number of non-sampling errors creeps in. Under the census or complete enumeration method, the statistician collects the data for each and every unit of the population or universe.
Copy and paste the following HTML into your website. Persons who are not residing permanently at a place at the time of enumeration are usually left out. The census method is suitable only in the following cases. Nobody likes to be disturbed at night. De jure Population Census: This is the type of population census which involves the counting of people who have been permanent residents of a specific area.

You’ve accepted all cookies. As the population grows and changes, censuses become harder to carry out. When more and more data are collected the degree of correctness of the information also increases. The primary objective of such sample enquiry is to estimate some characteristics of the population from which the sample is selected. Both the census methods have their merits and demerits. Census method is necessary in some cases like population census, Agriculture Census, animal census etc for gaining vast knowledge. If a sample population—instead of full survey of a population—is investigated then we have sample survey method or portion enumeration method. A rolling census takes the census in the traditional way, but to a rolling schedule, taking field counts in every municipality and neighbourhood over five years. Data collected through this method would have more statistical errors. When the data collector or investigator collects data or information about each and every item in the population and other related areas, it is known as census method. For this purpose we use sampling method to pick up a simple from the whole universe. Similarly , the family itself may migrate to some other town during this period. This method is inconvenient because it take much time, money and set of industrial organizations. This is also called real and direct enumeration method of census. For this purpose, a small number of students following a particular pres­cribed technique will be picked up (sample drawn) and their habits for consumption of liquor will be investigated.

2. Where there is enough time to collect data.

All households and communal establishment residents have a short form to complete, while a sample of the population has a long form to collect more detail. Only persons residing permanently at a place are counted in it. Instead of the census method, data analysts often consider a portion or a sample of the popu­lation. It is possible to collect a wide variety of information relating to sex, age, language, education, occupation, etc. Trained personnel are usually employed to collect data and investigate the problem. Sample survey method has many advantages over census method. © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved, Caste System in India: Merits and Demerits, Joint Family Culture in India: Meaning, Characteristics, Merits, Demerits, Conducting Social Research: Top 7 Methods | Sociology, 3 Main Sources of Demographic Data in India, 100 + Sociology Questions & Answers for MA Entrance Exams (2019,2020,2021), 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for M.Phil Entrance Exams, 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for Civil Services Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET. It is usually done on a full moon night because it is presumed that all households are present at their residences during that time.

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