R-Forge also hosts many unpublished beta packages, and development versions of CRAN packages. A commercial version of S was offered as S-PLUS starting in 1988.  The R packaging system is also used by researchers to create compendia to organise research data, code and report files in a systematic way for sharing and public archiving.  In 1995 Martin Maechler convinced Ihaka and Gentleman to make R free and open-source software under the GNU General Public License.  Arrays are stored in column-major order. Objects in the function body remain local to the function, and any data type may be returned. R is one of 5 languages with an Apache Spark API, the others being Scala, Java, Python, and SQL..  Subsequent conferences have included:, Future conferences planned are as follows:. One of R's strengths is the ease of creating new functions. To download R, please choose your preferred CRAN mirror. 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