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Thus they are threatened by global climate change. This can take six weeks. There are three populations. Learn about seals, including harp seals, hooded seals, harbor seals, grey seals, bearded seals, and ringed seals here. Seals are pinnipeds. After whelping, as the ice recedes, the harp seals migrate back to the Arctic. Yellowjacket: Newborn pups with white fur tinted yellow from placental fluid are born weighing about 24 lbs.

Harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus) belongs to the species of true or earless seals. You will notice when you observe a group of Harp Seals that they have very different patterns of color from each other. Pups learn to swim after about 8 weeks. It can be as long as 5.7 to 6.7 feet and weighs around 310 to 420 pounds. Amazing Facts About the Harp Seal.

After females abandon their pups they start mating again. Its scientific name means “Ice-lover from Greenland”.

While hunting, harp seals can hold their breath for up to 20 minutes. They are very capable when it comes to navigation, and are acutely aware of sounds and signs. Harp seals are ice seals. By far, the harp seal is the principal species hunted... Harp seals are named for a marking on the seals' fur (seen after moulting). Harp seals are very social animals and form large colonies when they migrate. They spend little time on land. A large variety of fish, and crustaceans, including polar cod, capelin, herring, halibut, Atlantic cod, plaice, small crabs, and shrimp.

Cookie Cutter Shark Facts for Kids – Cookie Cutter Shark Interesting Facts, Greenland Shark Facts for Kids – Greenland Shark Interesting Facts & Information, Megalodon Shark Facts for Kids – Megalodon Shark Facts and Information, Tasmanian Devil Facts for Kids – Fun Facts & Information, Wedge Tailed Eagle Facts for Kids – Australian Wedge Tailed Eagle Facts, Harpy Eagle Facts for Kids – Harpy Eagle Fun Facts, Leopard Seal Facts for Kids – Leopard Seal Fun Facts. Its face has well-developed whiskers. It is a noisy and highly social animal, spending much time in large colonies. On top of its body, there are visible harp-like black stains. They will form large colonies where they spend a … The second group breeds on the “West Ice” on the eastern coast of Greenland. Harp seals move on ice by pulling themselves with their front flippers, which have strong claws. The pups do not eat after being weaned until they begin to swim and find food on their own. Harp seals live an average of 20 years in the wild. Each year they return to Newfoundland, the Greenland Sea and the White Sea where they find their mates.

Harp seals have a lifespan of about 30 years. They are very social animals. She nurses her pup for 12 days and without eating anything. Adult: Males reach maturity at about 7-8 years of age. A female harp seal reaches maturity at around 5 to 6 years of age. These seals are very strong high-speed swimmers, moving quickly on ice and diving more than 270 m. Yellowjacket harp seal pup. There are 3 populations of harp seals: the Greenland Sea, White Sea (off the coast of Russia), and Newfoundland, Canada. in about 12 days.

For instance, from being call a ‘whitecoat’ at birth to a greycoat, ragged jacket, beater and finally a bedlamer. Outside their breeding season they migrate about 2,500 miles or 4,000 km. Harp seals are part of the family Phociadae known as the true or earless seal because they lack the external ear flaps. They are sometimes called saddleback seals because of their dark saddle like marks on their back. Facts about seals. They are found across Arctic Ocean and North Atlantic Ocean.

Harp seals like to swim in the ocean.

They usually form large groups and remain in them even while migrating. Pups have yellow-white coat when they are born and after 3 days its fur turn white for about 12 days. At birth, the length of a pup is 80 to 85 centimeters and weighs 24 pounds.

Stranding Network. It has thick layer of blubber, which protects it from cold temperature as well as give energy in case food is in short supply. Fossils of harp seals show that they were alive during the mid-Miocene, about 20 million years ago. Fun Facts for Kids. Adult harp seals have silvery-gray body and its eyes are black. Photo: Cape Cod

They are known as being able to dive to depths of up to 590 to 920 feet (180-280 meters).

They can be very noisy, as well. The coat of its pup has yellowish-white shade. A pup usually calls its mother by shouting a loud voice. Thousands of harp seals in the Northwest Atlantic subpopulation group migrate in groups each year from waters around Baffin Island (located in the territory of Nunavut) to their birthing grounds in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and to waters around Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada.

Help | Donate | Resources | Boycott Canadian Seafood | Spread the Word | About the Seal Hunt | About Seals | News | Politics | About Us |. The Canadian seal hunt is monitored by the Canadian government.

Adult harp seals grow up to be 1.7 to 2.0 m (5 to 6 feet) long and weigh from 140 to 190 kg (300 to 400 pounds).

Harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus) belongs to the species of true or earless seals. Adult harp seals have silvery-gray body and its eyes are black. Once a year they return to breeding grounds where they mate. Their hind flippers do not rotate and have smaller claws. Its body has silver-to-gray appearance with large all-black eyes. After breeding season, adults assemble and molt before migrating north to the Arctic in the summer season. They also can feature areas of light brown and even some black. They nurse on their mothers high-fat milk (containing about 45% fat) and triple their weight to over 75 lbs. Harp seals get their name from the harp-shaped mark on their back. Whitecoat: After a few days, the yellowish tint disappears, and the pups have a fluffy white fur coat.

The harp seal is the most numerous species of the family called “real seals”.

The primary diet of harp seals is small bony fish as well as small crustaceans. The Harp Seal is one that has lots of white fur on it.

Mothers recognize their pups in the herd by their smell. They start to learn how to swim by beating the water with their front flippers, leading to the name 'beaters'. They are sometimes called saddleback seals because of their dark saddle like marks on their back. Common name: Harp seal or Greenland seal. Harp seals are prey for killer whales, sharks and polar bears.

In order to scare off its predators, adult harp seal growls.

As opposed to land, harp seal likes spending most of the time in ocean waters. The scientific name Pagophilus groenlandicus literally translates as ‘the ice-lover from Greenland’. Harp seal distribution map. The largest is the Western North Atlantic located in eastern Canada.

Harp seals are present in largest numbers across west North Atlantic off Canada. Source: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. However, it is turned to all-white after 72 hours and remains white for up to 3 weeks. and measuring almost 3 feet long. Photo: Paul Darrow/Reuters 2008, Bedlamer harp seal. Inuit people in Canada hunt harp seals mainly for food.

Greenland’s coast is the area of land which sees the highest number of harp seals. However, by that time, they are vulnerable to predators like polar bears and only 70 percent of them survive in their first year. Born in the spring on ice packs, harp seal pups go through 6 life stages:

Harp seals are the victims of the largest slaughter of marine mammals in the world: the Canadian seal hunt. Ragged/Raggedy Jacket: After the pups are weaned at about 2 weeks of age, they start to moult in patches, leaving a dense silver-grey fur with black spots.

They can dive to depths of 800 feet or more. Its flippers are used to either warm up or cool off the seal when required. Females reach maturity at about 4-6 years of age. They are dependent on sea ice for whelping.

Females go through delayed implantation meaning that embryos do not attach to the uterine wall for 3 months or more. While a pup gains 4.9 pounds of weight every day, its mother loses 7 pounds each day. In ice, a female seal finds her pup by means of a powerful sense of smell. But after 12 days, she quickly weans (stop feeding milk) her pup. These animals can grow up to 5 to 6 feet long or 1.7 to 2 meters and weight from 300 to 400 lbs or 140 to 190 kg. Pups can lose half their body weight before they enter the water and begin feeding on their own. Pups are usually born from late February to mid March and they nurse on high fat milk for about 12 days after which they are abruptly weaned and left on their own.

The predators of harp seals are polar bears, Greenland sharks and killer whales. Their main threat is humans and the loss of ice which represents a potential threat to their habitat. The term comes from the French 'Betes de la mer' (Animals of the Sea). It has thick layer of blubber, which protects it from cold temperature as well as give energy in case food is in short supply. Read more about seals and conservation issues here.

The first and most important thing to note is the specific and unique color that this arctic resident has.

Despite its wide variety, it is very easy to distinguish the bald cat from other representatives of the “true seals”. Harp seals are social animals which enjoy each other's company. She bears one pup each year at the end of February. It is also highly migratory as northwest individuals migrate as far as 2,500 miles.

A thick coat of blubber insulates its body and provides energy when food is scarce. 2000-2020 All rights reserved.

Bedlamer: Immature seals were given this name in the 15th or 16th century by the Basque and Breton settlers in the Strait of Belle Isle. The third population breeds on the “East Ice” in the White See off the coast of Russia. Learn about the cruel, ecologically irresponsible, and totally unnecessary seal hunt on

Mating occurs underwater and the seals make 19 different calls in mating.

Photo: Rei Ohara, Whitecoat harp seal pup with (adult) mother, Beater harp seal pup. Three breeding populations exist - those in the White Sea, those in waters off Norway (the 'West Ice' group), and those in the Northwest Atlantic waters of Canada. The two types of seals slaughtered year after year in the commercial seal 'hunt' of Canada are the harp seal and the hooded seal. They leave the Arctic waters in the fall and reach their birthing grounds from December to February, where they disperse and feed intensively. For information on the U.S. program of targeted killing of harbor seals and sea lions ostensibly to protect threatened and endangered salmonids, visit this page. Harp Seal – Pagophilus groenlandicus Description. Beater: After about 18 days, the harp seal's white coat is completely moulted. It is a noisy and highly social animal, spending much time in large colonies. Harp seals go through lots of changes during their lifespan and by the time it reaches 14 months old, the nicknames have changed too. Harp seals spend most of their time swimming in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and spend relatively little time on land.

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